State and National Parks Project
Jazmin Cook Class 3/4L
What is a National Park?
A National Park is where animals and birds and trees are protected. They also look after the countryside so it can all be kept for people now and in the future to enjoy.
The first laws to protect the country's
scenic areas were passed in
Since then, about 3200 national parks,
conservation parks, reserves, and refuges have been set aside in
Why do we have National Parks?
We have them to protect the animals (fauna) and plants (flora) so we can all see them and they can live. It also is so we can “kick back and relax” and enjoy the beauty of life and the countryside.
There are lots of National Parks in
This region is one of 7 regions in NSW.
Northern Rivers is the one in the top right of the NSW map. The National Park I
have studied is the
Types of National Parks
There are a lot of types of parks. This
information about the types of national parks is from the
national park- a large area protected to keep its landscapes and native plants and animals. National parks are set aside for public education and recreation, and usually offer visitor facilities.
nature reserve- Nature reserves are mainly established to conserve their native plant and animal communities. Few have visitor facilities.
recreation area- A park, often containing important natural environments, which has been set aside mainly for outdoor recreation. Wyangla Dam State Recreation Area is one example.
regional park- is a park near a large population centre; it has open space and recreational and cultural opportunities for residents. The environments in regional parks have often been largely altered since European occupation.
Reserve- reserve set aside for long-term environmental conservation and managed by the National Parks and Wildlife Service, even though there remains the possibility of future mining exploration.
marine park- A unique and outstanding marine area, set aside to conserve seawater plants and animals. Marine parks are divided into zones that allow different, sustainable levels of commercial and recreational activities.
historic site- A site of national cultural importance, including buildings, objects, monuments and landscapes. Historic sites are generally open to visitors.
area- The term 'wilderness' has a special meaning under the Wilderness Act 1987. It refers to a large, remote area of land which has remained essentially unchanged by modern human activity. We manage wilderness areas so that native plant and animal communities are disturbed as little as possible. Horses and vehicles are not permitted in these places, and bicycles are only allowed on a small number of approved management trails.
Wetland- A globally significant wetland site, protected by international convention. In managing Ramsar sites, we try to preserve their unique ecological characteristics.
globally recognised World Heritage list contains some of the most important
examples of natural and cultural heritage in the world. Protected by
international convention, they are part of a group of more than 600 treasures
that include the
Rules of National Parks
All of the rules in National Parks are there to stop us damaging them. Some of these rules are: no taking rocks or stones, not hurting or killing animals, no cutting down of trees and you can only picnic or camp in areas that say you can.
If we didn’t have these rules we would destroy them. Then there would be none left for other people to enjoy and the animals would probably die.
Role of the National Parks and Wildlife Service
The National Parks and Wildlife Service of NSW looks after over 5% of the state. The NPWS looks after important Aboriginal sites, such as art sites, burial sites are not unnecessarily interfered with. Some of these sites are made available for public access and education. The National Parks and Wildlife Service also has an important role in, helping the Government make laws for protecting historical heritage within the park system.
The NPWS historic heritage includes a large
number of standing buildings, roads, works, relics archaeological sites and
landscape elements. Some of these places are significant nationally or
regionally, while others may only be of local importance. These places are
picked because they show how
The NPWS have a plan for the management of
Australia and surrounding countries
Australia - showing state lines, rain (green) & lightning (crosses)
A map of Wollemi National Park
I have chosen to look at Wollemi National Park because it is not very far from here
and it is very important, because it the only national park with the special
type of pine trees. Also I have been to the Glow Worm cave, with my Mum &
Dad, grandparents and some friends, which is in the
Jazmin on trail to Glow Worm Cave Wollemi National Park 2001
Backpack camping is allowed anywhere within the grounds away from roads. Permits are not required. There are limited camping areas with toilets and BBQs. Newnes and Glenn Davis both have large open areas for camping with car access.
The map below shows the
The park is important because it makes a significant contribution to the
natural areas which fringe the
One hundred and twenty Aboriginal sites have been recorded in the park. This is only a very small amount of those expected to be found as more of the park is explored.
The Role of Workers in the Park
The workers look after the park. They make sure people don’t do the wrong thing like littering or cutting down trees or taking rocks like sandstone. They also look after the bush and the animals.
The Wollemi Pine
Stand of Wollemi Pine trees
Below are two pictures of Wollemi Pines. The first is a young plant in a pot. The one on the right is one of the few stands of Wollemi pine trees in the wild.
The Wollemi Pine is very rare. For this reason it is called an endangered species of tree.
Some Animals that live in the Wollemi National Park
The Laughing Kookaburra
The Laughing Kookaburra is part of the Kingfisher family of birds. They are found all over Australia, including the Wollemi National Park.
The Brush Tailed Possum
The Bush Tailed Possum - can be found in forests and woodlands all along the east coast of Australia. It is active at night and usually spends the day sleeping – these types of animals are called nocturnal. Brush-tailed possums are about as big as cats. They also have sharp claws, which they use to climb trees and comb their fur.
Brush-tailed possums are marsupials – this means they have a pouch. Their babies are usually born in May and June. An Echidna has a baby after 17 days. The baby stays in the pouch for about 5 months and then spends 2 months clinging to its mother’s back as she moves about. They are fully grown by about 10 months.
The Echidna is a grub eating animal that prefers termites best of all. It does not eat worms. Its spines are really thick and are made of material like that in a persons’ fingernails – I learnt that from Harry’s Practice. The echidna that lives in the Park is the short-beaked echidna.
Other Animals that live in Wollemi
Feral horses, pigs and cats also live in this park. A feral animal
is one that is now wild, because people let them free to live in the wild and
have their babies there. There are lots of types of frogs in the
Green Tree Frog
Red-eyed Tree Frog
Bleating Tree Frog
Eastern Dwarf Tree Frog
Peron's Tree Frog
Leaf Green Tree Frog
Giant Burrowing Frog
Eastern Banjo Frog
Ornate Burrowing Frog
Spotted Grass Frog
Great Barred Frog